Farmers have a duty to the welfare of their animals. They are to be provided with a suitable environment, a good diet, protected from injury and disease, and housed away from other animals, where applicable.
The term “poultry” refers to chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese, partridges, quail, pheasants, pigeons that are reared for meet, guinea fowl, ostriches, emus, and rheas.
Keeping your poultry healthy
A range of diseases and parasites can easily affect poultry, some of which can cause endemics in certain birds. You will need to maintain strict hygiene levels to keep diseases from affecting poultry. Alongside these hygiene measures, you will need vaccinations or medication to help prevent endemic diseases.
The daily inspection of your birds by trained staff members, in particularly good lighting conditions, is the best way to prevent any serious outbreaks of possible disease. These inspections will allow you to detect any early signs of disease. By noting changes in the behaviour and condition of individual hens, you can get a head start on any problems that may arise.
Early signs of disease or ill health may include changes in food and/or water intake, changes in preening methods or how often a bird preens, and in usual bird activities. You may also notice a drop inegg production, and a change in egg quality.
Salmonella is a type of bacteria that can cause disease in both animals and humans. It is one of the leading causes of food poisoning in humans, second only to campylobacter. The illness can be mild or very severe, and some animals and people can be infected without any symptoms of illness; these are carriers, and they can spread the disease to others.
Fowl cholera is a contagious disease for birds, it’s caused by a bacterium called Pasteurella multocida, and is found all over the world. The disease can kill easily when it first comes into contact with a flock of birds.
Game birds tend to be susceptible to parasitic infections, the most concerning of which is the Red Mite, which affects laying hens. There are several other conditions that should be looked for, including bird flu, infectious bronchitis, E-coli, and lameness. It should be noted that it’s very possible for an animal to infect a human with a disease.
Regular checks of your livestock, and healthy living, will assist in preventing these diseases.
It is the job of a supplement to fill in the health needs that may be missed in an animal’s diet or lifestyle.
Complimentary feed liquids could be one of the best investments you make in your poultry farm. In growing chicks, you can purchase liquids with high contents of D3, which are perfect for bone growth.
There is also supplements available for sodium, potassium and magnesium salts, which can help replace the salts lost during stress; similarly, you can find other liquids that help balance vitamins and electrolytes when birds are stressed, and need help to recover.
Supplements are vital in the proper health of poultry, and can assist in preventing diseases or death.